For years, awareness of the importance of gender equality was building in Ukraine. It became apparent that gender equality is not something that can change overnight or by chance, rather it is an issue brought to the forefront thanks to the hard work of activists, politicians, and community members who believe in the importance of a world that understands the value of inclusivity and equity. As part of Canadian Gender Equality Week, SURGe, the Support to Ukraine’s Reforms for Governance Program funded by Global Affairs Canada, shared stories of significant steps forward in Gender Equality in Ukraine. #becauseofyou
The Law of Ukraine “On Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men”
On September 5, 2005, the adoption of the law set the stage for a broader recognition and realization of equal rights for women and men by the Constitution and laws of Ukraine. The law defined how the country would ensure equal rights and opportunities for women and men. The law outlined the role of society when working towards gender equality, more specifically outlining the rights of women and men in the fields of education and media. It also defined how Ukraine would work towards the prevention and elimination of gender-based violence.
The law “On Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men” was a monumental step as it set out clear direction and expectations in governance to actively work towards gender equality in Ukraine.
Practical tools developed for gender equality
In 2006, the Government of Ukraine alongside activists began the process of approving several tools aimed at building gender equity in the country. The tools supported public authorities, local governments, enterprises, institutions, and organizations to integrate a comprehensive gender approach throughout planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation.
• Procedure for gender legal examination
• Guidelines for the implementation and application of a gender-oriented approach in the budget process
• Instructions for gender mainstreaming in the development of regulations
• Guidelines for gender impact assessment of sectoral reforms
• Guidelines for the introduction of provisions in collective agreements aimed at ensuring equal rights and opportunities for women and men in employment
• Guidelines for conducting a gender audit of enterprises, institutions,
Creation of the Equal Opportunities Caucus
In 2011, the Parliament of Ukraine created the Equal Opportunities Caucus. It was established to help combat stereotypes in the creation and support of joint bills aimed at promoting gender equality. Specifically, those with a goal of targeting equal opportunity for women and men in work, education, politics, and medicine. The caucus created a powerful voice of the public and helped coordinate the efforts of authorities, civic activists and international organizations working to ensure equal rights and opportunities for women, men, girls and boys.
Creation of the position of Government Commissioner for Gender Policy
In 2017, the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine passed a resolution that introduced the position of the Government Commissioner for Gender Policy. The development of the position was the result of work within civil society and government who believed in the importance of gender equality in Ukraine. The main tasks of the Government Commissioner are:
• to promote the implementation of a unified state policy aimed at achieving equal rights and opportunities for women and men in all spheres of society;
• supporting the ministries, other central and local executive bodies on work towards gender equality.
• monitoring integration of gender equality principles during the adoption of regulations by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine; and
• cooperation and interaction with civil society and other stakeholders.
The introduction of gender quotas in the Electoral Code of Ukraine
In 2019, the Electoral Code of Ukraine was adopted which included important regulation surrounding gender quotas. The Code set out rules that ensured that a minimum of 40 per cent of electoral candidates for regional and city councils are women and a minimum of 30 per cent of candidates for city deputy positions are women. The gender quotas created space women in leadership and encouraged the integration of new perspectives and ways of working.